MCQ General Science Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 – Disaster Management mcq.

  1. ) is part of the disaster relief in the school.

A ) Mock Drill

B ) Fire extinguisher

C ) Both 1 & 2

D ) Age of students

Ans C ) Both 1 & 2

  1. ) Class C fires are caused due to household gas.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) Water creates cooling effect and helps to control fire.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) The instrument which records the earthquakes is called ……………

A ) Seismograph

B ) Barometer

Ans A ) Seismograph

5 )

Use candles or lanterns or matchbox.

…..

Use torch or battery.

…..

A )

Use candles or lanterns or matchbox.

Y

Use torch or battery.

Y

Use candles or lanterns or matchbox

N

Use torch or battery

Y

Use candles or lanterns or matchbox.

Y

Use torch or battery

N

Use candles or lanterns or matchbox.

N

Use torch or battery.

N

B )

C )

D )

Ans

Use candles or lanterns or matchbox

N

Use torch or battery

Y

B )

  1. ) Fire due to electricity or oil can be best suppressed with the help of water.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

  1. ) There is no change in the level of water-table after earthquake.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

  1. ) One should develop the habit of switching off the gas regulators at night.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Strong waves at first reach to the epicenter, therefore major loss occurs near to that area.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) is not the cause of Landslide.

A ) Volcanic eruption

B ) Building roads in mountains

C ) Floods

D ) Cutting down of trees

Ans A ) Volcanic eruption

  1. ) Class D fires are caused due to electrical components.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

12 )

Column-A

Column-B

i.

Class A

a)

Flammable liquid substances like petrol, oil.

ii.

Class B

b)

Commonly flammable materials like wood, clothes.

   

c)

Fires due to acetylene

A )

Column-A

Column-B

 

i.

Class A

a)

Flammable liquid substances like petrol, oil

ii.

Class B

b)

Fires due to acetylene

Column-A

Column-B

i.

Class A

a)

Commonly flammable materials like wood, clothes

ii.

Class B

b)

Flammable liquid substances like petrol, oil

B )

Ans

Column-A

Column-B

i.

Class A

a)

Commonly flammable materials like wood, clothes

ii.

Class B

b)

Flammable liquid substances like petrol, oil

B )

  1. ) Co-related terms

Fire due to LPG : Class C Fire :: Fire due to electrical components: ……………

A ) Class A

B ) Class E

Ans B ) Class E

  1. ) Stir up pump is the best device to put off small fires.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) According to the observation of ‘National Earthquakes information center’ every year nearly 12,400 to 14,000 earthquakes occur on the earth.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Institute of geology and world geological forum also help for the landslide forecast.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) Electrical appliances need not be switched off when going out of the house.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

  1. ) is not a flammable liquid.

A ) Petrol B ) Varnish C ) Paints D ) Coal

Ans D ) Coal

  1. ) The shocks and waves formed in the interior of the earth spread on the surface in all directions.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Natural cracks and fissures present in hard rocks cause weathering of these rocks.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Water is the most common and effective solution to extinguish fire.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) The intensity of the earthquake is measured in ……………..

A ) Richter scale

B ) Ritcher scale

Ans A ) Richter scale

  1. ) The central point of earthquake is the point above the on the earth surface.

A ) Runners

B ) Epicenter

Ans B ) Epicenter

  1. ) On the earth mild earthquakes occur in a larger number than the intensified or Runners.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Write ‘Y’ or ‘N’ against each of the following statements during an earthquake.

Use lifts.

…..

Sit in discomfort for long.

…..

A )

Use lifts.

N

Sit in discomfort for long.

Y

Use lifts.

Y

Sit in discomfort for long.

N

Use lifts.

N

Sit in discomfort for long.

N

Use lifts.

Y

Sit in discomfort for long.

Y

B )

C )

D )

Ans

Use lifts.

N

Sit in discomfort for long.

N

C )

  1. ) The constructions which do not get damaged due to earth movements upto a certain limit are called earthquake resistant buildings.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) Mining can cause earthquakes.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) Fire extinguishers consist of carbon mono-oxide gas.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

  1. ) Tsunami is caused if there is earthquake on the land.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

  1. ) Observe the figure and identify the Vertical and Horizontal Seismometer
    1. Horizontal seismometer

A ) (b) Vertical seismometer

(a) Vertical seismometer

B ) (b) Horizontal seismometer

Ans

(a) Vertical seismometer

B ) (b) Horizontal seismometer

  1. ) Fire due to flammable liquid substances: Class B Fire:: Fire due to combustible metals: ……………

A ) Class D

B ) Class B

Ans A ) Class D

  1. ) Write ‘Y’ or ‘N’ against each of the following statements during an earthquake.

If at home, sit on the floor, below the bed or furniture and cover yourself.

…..

Get scared and run here and there.

…..

A )

If at home, sit on the floor, below the bed or furniture and cover yourself.

N

Get scared and run here and there.

Y

If at home, sit on the floor, below the bed or furniture and cover yourself.

Y

Get scared and run here and there.

N

If at home, sit on the floor, below the bed or furniture and cover yourself.

Y

Get scared and run here and there.

N

If at home, sit on the floor, below the bed or furniture and cover yourself.

N

Get scared and run here and there.

N

B )

C )

D )

Ans

If at home, sit on the floor, below the bed or furniture and cover yourself.

Y

Get scared and run here and there.

N

B )

  1. ) Unlimited cutting of trees causes ……………

A ) Earthquake

B ) Floods

C ) Landslide

D ) Fire

Ans C ) Landslide

  1. ) Observe the figure and identify the seismic waves, epicenter, Plate movement
    1. Epicenter

A ) (b) Plate movement

(c) Seismic waves

(a) Epicenter

B ) (b) Seismic waves

(c) Plate movement

(a) Seismic waves

C ) (b) Plate movement

(c) Epicenter

Ans

(a) Epicenter

A ) (b) Plate movement

(c) Seismic waves

  1. ) Building roads in mountains can cause landslides.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Earthquake causes waves leading to movements of the earth’s surface like tremors.

A ) Seismic

B ) Tsunami

Ans A ) Seismic

  1. ) Shocks occurred due to an earthquake are always intense.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

  1. ) Write ‘Y’ or ‘N’ against each of the following statements during an earthquake.

If in vehicle, then park your vehicle at a safe place and sit inside it.

…..

Switch off the electric supply.

…..

A )

If in vehicle, then park your vehicle at a safe place and sit inside it.

Y

Switch off the electric supply.

N

If in vehicle, then park your vehicle at a safe place and sit inside it.

Y

B )

C )

Switch off the electric supply.

Y

If in vehicle, then park your vehicle at a safe place and sit inside it.

Y

Switch off the electric supply.

N

If in vehicle, then park your vehicle at a safe place and sit inside it.

Y

Switch off the electric supply.

N

D )

Ans

If in vehicle, then park your vehicle at a safe place and sit inside it.

Y

Switch off the electric supply.

Y

B )

  1. ) Ecosystem gets destructed due to the loss of biodiversity after earthquake.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) Advanced technology is used for earthquake resistant construction.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) The possibility of fire in cities increases after earthquake.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Landslide affects the traffic.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) Loss of human beings, wild animal and pets happen due to disaster.

A ) Earthquake B ) Landslide C ) Fire

D ) All of the these

Ans D ) All of the these

  1. ) Sudden vibration on the earth and shaking of the earth surface is called an …………….

A ) Landslide

B ) Earthquake

Ans B ) Earthquake

  1. ) Malin mishap in Pune district is a manmade disaster.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

  1. ) If the plan is prepared for disaster management, it will help any disaster relief in the school.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Rivers get flooded and change their paths due to landslides.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

  1. ) Write ‘Y’ or ‘N’ against each of the following statements during an earthquake.

Use staircase.

…..

Wait near or below tall building, tree or electric pole.

…..

A )

Use staircase.

Y

Wait near or below tall building, tree or electric pole.

Y

Use staircase.

Y

Wait near or below tall building, tree or electric pole.

N

Use staircase.

Y

Wait near or below tall building, tree or electric pole.

Y

Use staircase.

N

Wait near or below tall building, tree or electric pole.

N

B )

C )

D )

Ans

Use staircase.

Y

Wait near or below tall building, tree or electric pole.

N

B )

  1. ) All flammable substances should be kept away from the fire.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

  1. ) Find the odd one out

Geiger counter, Creep meter, tilt meter, barometer

A ) Geiger counter

B ) Creep meter

C ) Tilt meter

D ) Barometer

Ans D ) Barometer

 

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