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Class 10 Science &Tech. Part 1 Chapter 1 Gravitation 7th std Topic -1 Living world adaptation and their classification part-1,2,3,4,5. Chemistry radicles : Acidic radicle and Basic Radicale Natural Resource – Air, Water and Land Topic -1 Part -1st Heredity and Evolution Topic-1, Part-2nd Notes, Question-answer Maharashtra State board by PHD Science Gyan.com Standard 9th भारतीय रसायनशास्त्र : एक रहस्य (भारतीय रसायन शास्त्राचा इतिहास ) 6th Std.science topic-1 Natural Resources Air, Water, Land (AIR)

Chemistry radicles : Acidic radicle and Basic Radicale

Acid radical:
The ion formed after removal of Hydrogen ion (H⁺ ion) from an acid is called acid radical.
Ex: When HCl loses H⁺ ion, it forms Cl⁻ which is an acid radical.

Basic radical:- 
The ion formed after removal of hydroxide ions (OH⁻ ions) from a base is called basic radical.
Ex: When NaOH loses OH⁻ ion, it forms Na⁺ which is a basic radical.

BASIC Radicles


H +                     Hydrogen

Na+                   Sodium

K+                Potassium

Ag+                   Silver

Hg+                   Mercurous

Cu+                   Cuprous

Cu2+                 Cupric/Copper

Mg2+                 Magnesium

Ca2+                 Calcium

Ni 2+                  NickelCo2+ Cobalt

Hg2+          Mercuric

Mn2+                 Manganese

Fe2+                     Ferrous (Iron II)

Sn2+                  Stannous

Pt 2+                   Platinum

Al3+                    Aluminium

Cr3+                   Chromium

Fe3+              Ferric

Au3+                  Gold

NH4+                  Ammonium

Add.

Acidic Radicals

H–                   Hydride

F–                    Fluoride

Cl–                Chloride

Br–                 Bromide

I               Iodide

O2-             Oxide

S2-               Sulphide

N3-             Nitride

OH–          Hydroxide

NO3-                 Nitrate

NO2 –             Nitrite

HCO3-                         Bicarbonate

HSO4–                     Bisulphate

HSO3                    Bisulphite

MnO4           Permanganate

ClO3                  Chlorate               

BrO3–                   Bromate

IO3 –           Iodate

CO3 2-                Carbonate

SO4 2                Sulphate

SO32                 Sulphite

CrO4 2            Chromate

Cr2O72-              Dichromate

PO43-                 Phosphate

AcidAcid radical
HClCl⁻
HNO₃NO₃⁻
CH₃COOHCH₃COO⁻
H₂SO₄SO₄⁻²
H₂CO₃CO₃⁻²
HBrBr⁻
HFF⁻
HII⁻
H₃PO₄PO₄⁻³
HClO₄ClO₄⁻
HNO₂NO₂⁻

Add

BaseBasic radical
NaOHNa⁺
KOHK⁺
LiOHLi⁺
Mg(OH)₂Mg⁺²
Ca(OH)₂Ca⁺²
RbOHRb⁺
CsOHCs⁺
Ba(OH)₂Ba⁺²
Fe(OH)₃Fe⁺³
Cu(OH)₂Cu⁺²
Zn(OH)₂Zn⁺²
Acid radicalBasic radicalSalt
Cl⁻Na⁺NaCl
NO₃⁻K⁺KNO₃
CH₃COO⁻Li⁺CH₃COOLi
SO₄⁻²Mg⁺²MgSO₄
CO₃⁻²Ca⁺²CaCO₃
Br⁻Rb⁺RbBr
F⁻Cs⁺CsF
I⁻Ba⁺²BaI₂
PO₄⁻³Fe⁺³FePO₄
ClO₄⁻Cu⁺²Cu(ClO₄)₂
NO₂⁻Zn⁺²Zn(NO₂)2

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