Maharashtra Board 8 science topic 2. Health and Diseases

1) Group or lump of cancerous cells is called as tumor.

A ) Benign

B ) Malignant

C ) Malignant

Ans C ) Malignant

2 ) occurs due to the bite of the infected dog, rabbit, monkey, etc.

A ) AIDS

B ) Rabies

C ) Swine flu

D ) Down’s syndrome

Ans B ) Rabies

3 ) Frequent urination at night is the symptom of …………….

A ) Cancer B ) Asthma C ) Diabetes

Ans C ) Diabetes

4 ) First case of swine flu was reported in Mexico.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

5 ) Which of the following vaccines are administered to children in public health centers?

A ) Polio vaccine

B ) BCG

C ) Hepatitis vaccine

D ) All of the above

Ans D ) All of the above

6 ) Which of the following type of mosquito most commonly grows in dirty sewage water?

A ) Aedes

B ) Culex

C ) Anopheles

D ) All of the above

Ans B ) Culex

7 ) The disease that is NOT spread through contaminated food and/or water is………..                                                                                                                     A ) Tuberculosis  B ) Cholera    C ) Hepatitis    D ) Typhoid

Ans A ) Tuberculosis

7 ) Co-related terms

Female Culex : Elephantiasis :: Influenza A (H1N1) : ……………

A ) Dengue B ) Swine flu C ) Malaria

Ans B ) Swine flu

8 ) Sometimes we feel good without taking any medicines.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

9 ) Difficulty in breathing : Swine flu :: Decrease in platelet count : ……………

A ) Malaria

B ) Dengue

C ) Elephantiasis

Ans B ) Dengue

10 ) Flu is an infectious disease.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

11 ) The hormone produced in pancreas controls level of glucose in blood.

A ) Thyroid

B ) Insulin

C ) Estrogen

Ans B ) Insulin

12 ) Pain in shoulder is one of the symptoms of heart attack.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

13 ) 14th June is celebrated as World Blood Donation Day.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

14 ) Which of the following is NOT an infectious disease?

A ) Common cold

B ) Dengue C ) Diabetes D ) Rabies

Ans C ) Diabetes

15 ) Production cost of generic medicines is very high.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

16 ) Different species of mosquitoes spread different diseases.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

17 ) Disease caused by the pathogen Entameoba hystolytica

A ) Tuberculosis

B ) Dysentery

C ) Cholera

Ans B ) Dysentery

18 ) Uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth is called as ……………

A ) Diabetes B ) Cancer C ) Rabies

Ans B ) Cancer

19 ) Chemotherapy is used in the treatment of …………….

A ) Heart attack

B ) Diabetes

C ) Cancer

Ans C ) Cancer

20 ) Hydrophobia is the fear of……………

A ) Food B ) Dogs C ) Water

D ) None of these

Ans C ) Water

21 ) Lifestyle includes the daily routine and the type of food.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

22 ) Which of the following diseases may be caused due to hereditary factors?

A ) Cancer

B ) Diabetes

C ) Heart disease

D ) All of the above

Ans D ) All of the above

23 ) Chronic cough is the symptom of

A ) Cholera

B ) Tuberculosis

C ) Typhoid

Ans B ) Tuberculosis

24 ) diseases are classified based on their duration.

A ) Hereditary

B ) Chronic C ) Acquired D ) Infectious

Ans B ) Chronic

25 ) In AIDS, the victims suffers from various diseases due to progressive weakening of natural immunity.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

26 ) Incurable scars are one of the symptoms of cancer.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

27 ) Exaggeration in behavior is one of the symptoms of AIDS.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

28 ) Yellow urine and grey stool are characteristic symptoms of

A ) Tuberculosis

B ) Dysentery C ) Typhoid D ) Jaundice

Ans D ) Jaundice

29 ) Down’s syndrome is an acquired disease.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

30 ) For diagnosis of swine flu, liquid from throat of patient is sent in laboratory.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

31 ) Life of twelve persons can be saved if one donates blood for four times a year.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

32 ) Symptoms of rabies start to appear within days of dog bite.

A ) 30-45

B ) 45-60

C ) 60-90

D ) 90-175

Ans D ) 90-175

33 ) In Rabies, Virus enters the brain via neurons.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

34 ) Generic medicines are manufactured and distributed without any patent.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

35 ) Each disease has its own specific symptoms.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

36 ) Mosquitoes lay eggs in water-logged places.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

37 ) Culex grows in clean water.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

38 ) H1N1 : :: DEN-1 : Female Aedes aegypti mosquito

A ) Pigs

B ) Pigs and Humans

C ) Rats and Pigs

Ans B ) Pigs and Humans

39 ) Condition of disturbances in physiological processes of body is called as disease.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

40 ) Find the odd one out

A ) Malaria

B ) Hepatitis

C ) Elephantiasis

D ) Dengue

Ans B ) Hepatitis

41 ) Generic medicines are also known as general medicines

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

42 ) Find the odd one out

A ) Plague

B ) AIDS

C ) Cholera

D ) T.B

Ans B ) AIDS

43 ) AIDS is caused by …………….

A ) Human Immunodeficiency Virus

B ) Human Immuno Virus C ) Acquired Human Virus D ) None of these

Ans A ) Human Immunodeficiency Virus

44 ) Sore throat and body pains are symptoms of dengue.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

45 ) Match the following

Column – ‘A’

Column – ‘B’

i. Malaria

a. Aedes aegypti

ii. Dengue

b. Culex

iii. Elephantiasis

c. Anopheles

A ) i – c, ii – b , iii – c

B ) i – c, ii – a , iii – b

Ans B ) i – c, ii – a , iii – b

46 ) Fever upto 1040F is the symptom for

A ) Cholera B ) Typhoid C ) Jaundice

Ans B ) Typhoid

47 ) Acquired diseases are further classified as infectious and non-infectious diseases.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

48 )

Column ‘A’

Column ‘B’

i. Heart Disease

a. Insulin

ii. Diabetes

b. Chemotherapy

 

c. Angioplasty

A ) i – c , ii – b

B ) i – c , ii – a

Ans B ) i – c , ii – a

49 ) Prevention and treatment for tuberculosis

A ) BCG vaccine

B ) Medication like DOT C ) Isolation of patient D ) All of these

Ans D ) All of these

50 ) Increased obesity or weight loss can be one of the symptoms for cancer.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

51 ) Generating awareness about drinking only boiled water during monsoons will be useful to prevent

A ) Tuberculosis

B ) Malaria

C ) Dysentery

D ) Rabies

Ans C ) Dysentery

52 ) Pathogen that cause Typhoid.

A ) Salmonella typhi

B ) Vibrio cholerae

C ) Entamoeba histolytica

Ans A ) Salmonella typhi

53 ) Cancer can be caused due to heredity reasons.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

54 ) AIDS can occur due to touching and sharing the food with HIV infected person.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

55 ) Diabetes can be controlled by following proper diet, medicines and exercise.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

56 ) A healthy person can contract a disease through infected person.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

57 ) Overdose of medicines does not have any side effect on our body.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

58 ) Rabies is a fatal viral disease.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

59 ) Match the following

Column ‘A’

Column ‘B’

i. Cancer

a. ELISA

ii. AIDS

b. Pace maker

 

c. Mammography

A ) i – b , ii – c

B ) i – c , ii – a

Ans B ) i – c , ii – a

60 ) Disease that can spread through sharing of needles or blood transfusion

A ) Dysentery B ) Cholera C ) Hepatitis

Ans C ) Hepatitis

61 ) Diseases that spread through contaminated air, water, food or vectors are called as infectious food.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

62 ) Vaccination is useful to prevent non- infectious diseases.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

63 ) Mode of infection for Jaundice.

A ) Contaminated food

B ) Contaminated water

C ) Prolong contact with the infected person

Ans B ) Contaminated water

64 ) ORS is the treatment for person suffering from

A ) Dysentery

B ) Typhoid

C ) Tuberculosis

Ans A ) Dysentery

65 ) Diabetes is an infectious disease.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

66 ) Find the odd one out

A ) Unexplained weight loss

B ) Lumps in breast

C ) Hydrophobia

D ) Chronic cough.

Ans C ) Hydrophobia

67 ) Yellow urine is the symptom of

A ) Cholera B ) Typhoid C ) Jaundice

Ans C ) Jaundice

68 ) 14th November is celebrated as World Heart Day.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

69 ) Pathogen that causes Tuberculosis.

A ) Salmonella Typhi

B ) Mycobacterium Tuberculae

C ) Entamoeba Histolytica

Ans B ) Mycobacterium Tuberculae

70 ) Diseases which do not occur through body contacts are called as infectious diseases.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

71 ) Which of the following is a bacterial disease?

A ) AIDS

B ) Cholera C ) Rabies D ) Dengue

Ans B ) Cholera

72 ) Pathogens are microorganisms that cause the disease.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

73 ) Which of the following statements would be used while raising awareness about AIDS?

A ) It spreads through touching and sharing food.

B ) We should behave differently with AIDS patients.

C ) Nursing HIV patients is dangerous.

D ) Unsafe sexual contacts should be avoided to control spread of AIDS. Ans D ) Unsafe sexual contacts should be avoided to control spread of AIDS. 75 ) Diseases can be cured by proper medical treatment.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

74) The most common preventive measure against malaria is to

A ) Prevent mosquito breeding

B ) Wash hands regularly

C ) Avoid contact with materials touched by patients

D ) Drink only boiled water

Ans A ) Prevent mosquito breeding

75 ) Diseases are classified as Chronic and Acute according to the reasons of disease.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

76 ) Sufficient sleep, right food, yogasanas and physical exercise help to reduce frequency of becoming sick.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

77 ) Controlled diet helps to prevent some types of cancer.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

78 ) Physical exercise should be as per one’s own capacity.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

79 ) test is used for proper diagnosis of AIDS.

A ) HIV

B ) ELISA

C ) ELSA

D ) None of these

Ans B ) ELISA

80 ) Animal cages and their living spaces can be placed near kitchen.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

81) Overdose of pain killers may lead to stomach ache, white patches on tongue.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

82 ) Vaccines are available for

A ) Tuberculosis

B ) Hepatitis

C ) Cholera

D ) All of the above

Ans D ) All of the above

83 ) Efficiency of the heart decreases due to decreased blood supply.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

84 ) Biopsy is one of the techniques used in the diagnosis of heart attack.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

 

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