MCQ on 10th science part -2 Topic- 8 Cell Biology and Biotechnology

1 ) …………… are already in use for treatment on sewage and solid waste.
A ) Molasses technique
B ) Ferment technique
C ) Microbial techniques
Ans C ) Microbial techniques

2 ) All are true about Golden Rice except:
A )
A gene synthesizing the vitamin A (Beta carotene) has been introduced in this variety
of rice.
B ) It was developed in 2005
C ) As compared to normal rice it contains 23 times more amount of beta carotene
D ) It is 3 times more golden in color then normal rice.
Ans D ) It is 3 times more golden in color then normal rice.

3 ) All the following organs can be donated except
A ) Intestines
B ) Liver
C ) Heart
D ) Eyes
Ans A ) Intestines

4 ) …………… can absorb uranium and arsenic.
A ) Shoe flower
B ) Sunflower
C ) Jasmine
Ans B ) Sunflower

5 ) Organ donation and transplantation is under the control of …………… act.
A ) Transplantation human organs act
B ) Act of organ donation
C ) Conditions for transplantation
D ) Law for organ donation
Ans A ) Transplantation human organs act

6 ) …………… is study of cells.
A ) Immunology
B ) Oncology
C ) Cytology
D ) Zoology
Ans C ) Cytology

7 ) Upper layer of the soil essential in agriculture is formed due to ……………
A ) Fertilizer formation
B ) Humus formation
C ) Particulate formation
Ans B ) Humus formation

8 ) …………… is technology based on biology.
A ) ICT
B ) Biochemistry
C ) Physiology
D ) Biotechnology
Ans D ) Biotechnology

9 ) What is special about BT Brinjal
A ) Developed by the gene isolated from Bacillus auringiensis
B ) It produces toxin which is fatal for bollworms
C ) It is named after Benjamin Thime
D ) None of the above
Ans B ) It produces toxin which is fatal for bollworms

10 ) Genetically modified variety of ……………. can absorb selenium from soil.
A ) Indian mustard
B ) Bt crops
C ) GM crop
Ans A ) Indian mustard

11 ) Bacteria used as biofertilizer
A ) Rhizobium
B ) Azotobacter
C ) Nostoc
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

12 ) Name Uses of human body after death
A ) For organ and body donation.
B ) For research in medical studies.
C ) Both 1 and 2
D ) Human body has no use after death
Ans C ) Both 1 and 2

13 ) White biotechnology includes producing various …………… expensive processes.
A ) Biochemicals
B ) Natural chemicals
C ) Chemicals
Ans C ) Chemicals

14 ) Stem Cells are …………… type of cells present in the body of multicellular organism.
A ) Special
B ) Unhealthy
C ) Modern
D ) Small
Ans A ) Special

15 ) A B
i. Pseudomonas bacteria a. Used to absorb the radiations from radioactive debris
ii. Pteris vitata b. Cleaning the hydrocarbon & oil pollutants from soil, and water.
iii. Deinococcus radiodurans c. Can absorb the arsenic from the soil
iv. Sunflower d. Can absorb selenium from soil
v. Indian mustard e. Can absorb uranium and arsenic
A )
i. Pseudomonas bacteria Cleaning the hydrocarbon & oil pollutants
ii. Pteris vitata Can absorb the arsenic from the soil
iii. Deinococcus radiodurans Used to absorb the radiations from
iv. Sunflower Can absorb uranium and arsenic
v. Indian mustard Can absorb selenium from soil
B )
i. Pseudomonas bacteria Can absorb the arsenic from the soil
ii. Pteris vitata Cleaning the hydrocarbon & oil pollutants
iii. Deinococcus radiodurans Can absorb uranium and arsenic
iv. Sunflower Used to absorb the radiations from
v. Indian mustard Can absorb selenium from soil
Ans
A )
i. Pseudomonas bacteria Cleaning the hydrocarbon & oil pollutants
ii. Pteris vitata Can absorb the arsenic from the soil
iii. Deinococcus radiodurans Used to absorb the radiations from
iv. Sunflower Can absorb uranium and arsenic
v. Indian mustard Can absorb selenium from soil

16 ) Which of the following is true about BT cotton
A ) A gene had been isolated from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis and integrated with
the gene of cotton.
B ) It produces toxin which is fatal for bollworms
C ) It is genetically Modified Crop
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

17 ) …………… is the process of using worms to decompose organic food waste, turning the waste into a nutrientrich material capable of supplying necessary nutrients to help sustain plant growth.
A ) Vermiculture
B ) Apiculture
C ) Sericulture
Ans A ) Vermiculture

18 ) …………… are sometimes known as ‘ecosystem engineers’ because they significantly modify the physical,
chemical and biological properties of the soil profile.
A ) Bees
B ) Birds
C ) Silkworms
D ) Earthworms
Ans D ) Earthworms

19 ) Pick the odd option out.
A ) Cytology
B ) Molecular biology
C ) Transplantation
D ) Genetic engineering
Ans C ) Transplantation

20 ) Therapeutic cloning Stem cells can be derived from the cell formed in laboratory by the union of somatic cell
nucleus with the enucleated egg cell and used for treatment of various diseases. This is called as ……………
A ) Therapeutic cloning
B ) Ultra cloning
C ) Coloning
Ans A ) Therapeutic cloning

21 ) Operation Flood is the program behind the ……………
A ) Green revolution
B ) White revolution
C ) Blue revolution
Ans B ) White revolution

22 ) Production of various useful aquatic organisms with the help of water is called as ……………
A ) Blue revolution
B ) Green revolution
C ) Aqua revolution
Ans A ) Blue revolution

23 ) …………… involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food.
A ) Ornithon culture
B ) Sericulture
C ) Pisciculture
D ) Aquaculture
Ans C ) Pisciculture

24 ) India has a have a great tradition of …………… that cures the diseases with the help of natural sources.
A ) Yajurveda
B ) Ayurveda
C ) Samaveda
D ) Atharvaveda
Ans B ) Ayurveda

25 ) Which of the following is true about edible vaccines :
A ) Currently potatoes are used to make edible vaccines
B ) These potatoes are called as transgenic potatoes.
C )
Consumption of these raw potatoes generates the immunity against cholera and the
disease caused due to E. coli
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

26 ) …………… is the complete loss of brain function including involuntary activity necessary to sustain life
A ) Hearth death
B ) Neurolysis
C ) Brain death
D ) Cardiac arrest
Ans C ) Brain death

27 ) A living person can donate one kidney, skin from certain parts of body , bone marrow whereas organs like
liver, heart, eyes can be donated after …………… only.
A ) Inspection
B ) Justification
C ) Adulthood
D ) Death
Ans D ) Death

28 ) …………… are an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism which is capable of giving rise to indefinitely
more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation.
A ) Brain cells
B ) Stem cells
C ) Root cells
D ) Liver cells
Ans B ) Stem cells

29 ) Organs like liver, heart, eyes can be donated after death only. This has lead to the emergence of concepts like
……………donation of body and organs.
A ) Prehumous
B ) Posthumous
C ) Predeath
D ) Medical
Ans B ) Posthumous

30 ) Genetically modified plants are all except;
A ) Golden Rice
B ) BT cotton
C ) BT brinjal
D ) Basmati rice
Ans D ) Basmati rice

31 ) Which of the following is true about vaccines produced with the help of biotechnology
A ) They are more thermostable
B ) They remain active for longer duration
C ) Vaccines of polio, hepatitis are developed using biotechnology
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

32 ) ……………. a form of pesticide based on micro-organisms or natural products.
A ) Insecticides
B ) Biopesticides
C ) Fertilizers
Ans B ) Biopesticides

33 ) …………… includes complete ban on chemical fertilizers and pesticides and use of local, sturdy varieties and
thereby maintaining natural balance.
A ) Inorganic farming
B ) Agriculture
C ) Organic farming   Ans C ) Organic farming

34 ) Active ingredient present in adulsa plant is …………… in the leaves.
A ) Oricinol
B ) Fatty oils
C ) Vasicine
D ) Glycols
Ans C ) Vasicine

35 ) Use of biotechnology:
A ) Developing High-class varieties of crops through the technique of tissue-culture.
B ) Production of antibiotics and vaccines, etc. with the help of specific cells.
C ) Production of human growth hormone with the help of genetically modified bacteria.
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

36 ) Heart can be donated.
A ) True
B ) False
Ans A ) True

37 ) …………… is known as the father of white revolution.
A ) Dr. Verghese Kurien
B ) Dr. Salim Ali
C ) Dr. Norman
Ans A ) Dr. Verghese Kurien

38 ) Biotechnology harnesses cellular and …………… processes to develop technologies and products that help
improve our lives and the health of our planet.
A ) Chemical
B ) Physical
C ) Natural
D ) Biomolecular
Ans D ) Biomolecular

39 ) …………… is the maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans.
A ) Vermiculture
B ) Apiculture
C ) Sericulture
Ans B ) Apiculture

40 ) The fern Pteris vitata can absorb the …………… from the soil.
A ) Lead
B ) Magnesium
C ) Arsenic
D ) Calcium
Ans C ) Arsenic

41 ) Dr. Norman Borlaug and …………… have valuable contribution in green revolution.
A ) Dr. M. S. Swaminathan
B ) Dr. Chakravarti
C ) Dr. Homi Baba
Ans A ) Dr. M. S. Swaminathan

42 ) …………… is a process of growing any aquatic animals and selling them for commercial purposes.
A ) Bird culture
B ) Aquaculture
C ) Pisiculture
Ans B ) Aquaculture

43 ) Grasses like alfalfa, clover and rye are used in ……………
A ) Dye generation
B ) Phyto-remediation
C ) Fermentation
Ans B ) Phyto-remediation

44 ) …………… different types of cells in human body are formed from single type cells i.e. embryonic stem cells.
A ) 200
B ) 320
C ) 220
D ) 240
Ans C ) 220

45 ) What does the following diagram infers:-
A ) Types of cells
B ) Cell division
C ) Cell replication
D ) Stem cell therapy
Ans D ) Stem cell therapy

46 ) Which is plant used as biofertilizer
A ) Azotobacter
B ) Nostoc
C ) Azolla
D ) All of the above
Ans C ) Azolla

47 ) Availability of …………… is an important requirement in organ transplantation.
A ) Donor
B ) Receiver
C ) Instruments
D ) Blood
Ans A ) Donor

48 ) Various methods applied for harvesting maximum yield from minimum land are collectively called as
…………….
A ) Blue revolution
B ) Green revolution
C ) White revolution
Ans B ) Green revolution

49 ) …………… are manmade soil enhancers used to raise the level of nutrients found in soil.
A ) Natural fertilizers
B ) Manure
C ) Inorganic fertilizers
Ans C ) Inorganic fertilizers

50 ) Branch of biotechnology:
A ) Cytology
B ) Genetic engineering
C ) Molecular biology
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

51 ) It is easy to collect the honey without destroying the hive and bees, if …………… are used.
A ) Artificial bee boxes
B ) Hives
C ) Steel cages
Ans A ) Artificial bee boxes

52 ) Pick the odd option out.
A ) Eyes
B ) Kidney
C ) Uterus
D ) Bone marrow
Ans C ) Uterus

53 ) Patients classified as …………… can have their organs surgically removed for organ donation.
A ) Brain dead
B ) Ill dead
C ) Infected dead
D ) Heart dead
Ans A ) Brain dead

54 ) The …………… bacteria are useful for cleaning the hydrocarbon and oil pollutants from soil and water.
A ) Green
B ) Pseudomonas
C ) Chlorilla
D ) Amoeba
Ans B ) Pseudomonas

55 ) Alcohol production from sugar molasses with the help of transgenic yeast is the example of ……………
A ) Pure biotechnology
B ) White biotechnology
C ) Biochemistry
Ans B ) White biotechnology

56 ) The cell is derived from Latin world which means ……………
A ) Small room
B ) Large room
C ) Compartment
D ) Cellular
Ans A ) Small room

57 ) In soil-less farming i.e. hydroponics …………… fertilizers are used.
A ) Liquid chemical
B ) Solid chemical
C ) Gaseous chemical
Ans A ) Liquid chemical

58 ) Fruits are …………… agro-produce.
A ) Imperishable
B ) Insignificant
C ) Beneficial
D ) Perishable
Ans D ) Perishable

59 ) Adulsa is an example of …………… plant.
A ) Fruit plant
B ) Vegetable
C ) Medicinal plant
D ) Shrub
Ans C ) Medicinal plant

60 ) …………… is the water equivalent of the green revolution.
A ) Red revolution
B ) Aqua revolution
C ) Blue Revolution
Ans C ) Blue Revolution

61 ) Oldest /earliest use of biotechnology was done for ……………
A ) Enzyme biotechnology
B ) Marine biotechnology
C ) Food biotechnology
Ans C ) Food biotechnology

62 ) …………… is a rating system describing the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in a fertilizer.
A ) NPK rating
B ) CPS rating
C ) NNaPK rating
Ans A ) NPK rating

63 ) DDT, malathion, chloropyriphos are examples of ……………
A ) Fertilizers
B ) Composts
C ) Insecticides
Ans C ) Insecticides

64 ) The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans is highly …………… resistant organism.
A ) Radiation
B ) Fungus
C ) Virus
Ans A ) Radiation

65 ) The …………… is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
A ) Organ
B ) Tissue
C ) System
D ) Cell
Ans D ) Cell

66 ) The Anand pattern experiment at Amul, a single cooperative dairy, was the engine behind the success of the
……………
A ) White revolution
B ) Green revolution
C ) Blue revolution
Ans A ) White revolution

67 ) Microbes are useful on large scale while production of …………… by treatment on solid organic waste material.
A ) Compost
B ) Vermicompost
C ) Alcohol
Ans A ) Compost

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