10th science part 2 Topic 10 Disaster Management MCQ Solution

1 ) Some of the main …………… disasters are floods, wet and dry famine, cyclones, earthquakes, volcanoes, etc. These are ‘all of a sudden’ troubles to mankind.
A ) Artificial
B ) Man-made
C ) Natural
Ans C ) Natural

 

2 ) Identify the sign.
A ) Flammable material
B ) Explosive material
C ) Toxic material
D ) Corrosive material
Ans C ) Toxic material

 

3 ) Disasters has no effect on the economy of the nation.
A ) True
B ) False
Ans B ) False

4 ) Identify the sign.
A ) Flammable material
B ) Explosive material
C ) Toxic material
D ) Corrosive material
Ans B ) Explosive material

 

5 ) Man-made (international) disaster.
A ) Sunspots
B ) Terrorism
C ) Plague
D ) Alkalization
Ans B ) Terrorism

 

6 ) Disasters making an impact for a long duration are those whose after-effects are either severe or ……………..
with time.
A ) Decreases
B ) Increases
C ) Reduces
Ans B ) Increases

 

7 ) Give the example of a Catastrophic disaster.
A ) Cyclones
B ) Strikes of workers
C ) Rising levels of oceans
D ) Esertification
Ans A ) Cyclones

 

8 ) Tell the cause in the picture below:
A ) Erosion
B ) Improper maintenance
C ) Water clogging
D ) Plague
Ans C ) Water clogging

 

9 ) Clearing of debris, restoring water supply, repairing roads, etc is done so that it helps to bring normalcy in
public life in …………… phase.
A ) Transitional phase
B ) Reconstruction phase
C ) Phase of emergency
Ans A ) Transitional phase

 

10 ) Disasters making an impact for a long duration or disasters whose frequency increases with time
A ) Rising levels of oceans
B ) Earthquake
C ) Cyclones
D ) None of the above     Ans A ) Rising levels of oceans

 

11 ) A B
i. Decrease in productivity a. Medical
ii. Shortage of facilities b. Economic
iii. Decomposing corpses of humans c. Administrative
iv. Death of victims d. Environmental
A )
i. Decrease in productivity Administrative
ii. Shortage of facilities Medical
iii. Decomposing corpses of humans Environmental
iv. Death of victims Economic
B )
i. Decrease in productivity Economic
ii. Shortage of facilities Administrative
iii. Decomposing corpses of humans Environmental
iv. Death of victims Medical
Ans
B )
i. Decrease in productivity Economic
ii. Shortage of facilities Administrative
iii. Decomposing corpses of humans Environmental
iv. Death of victims Medical

 

12 ) Disaster may be minor or major, short-time or long-time, it should be overcome and effective …………… is necessary for it.
A ) Disaster management
B ) Management phase
C ) Developmental phase
Ans A ) Disaster management

 

13 ) Identify the sign.
A ) General danger
B ) Laser beam
C ) Oxidant material
D ) Non-ionizing radiation
Ans C ) Oxidant material

 

14 ) Event Disaster
i. Partial or complete collapsing of buildings a. Medical
ii. Death of victims b. Economic
iii. Sudden increase in fund expenditure c. Environmental
iv. Collapsing transport system d. Administrative
A ) i – a, ii – c, iii – d, iv – b
B ) i – c, ii – a, iii – b, iv – d
C ) i – d, ii – c, iii – b, iv – a
D ) i – b, ii – d, iii – c, iv – a
Ans B ) i – c, ii – a, iii – b, iv – d

 

15 ) There is a close relationship between disaster management and ……………
A ) Government support
B ) Government management
C ) Public participation
D ) Disaster occurring
Ans C ) Public participation

 

16 ) Categorize the following steps in
a) pre-disaster management or b) post-disaster management
Identifying the pre-disaster areas.
A ) Pre-disaster management
B ) Post-disaster management
Ans A ) Pre-disaster management

 

17 ) Important character of this phase is that maximum lives can be saved by quick actions during …………… phase.
A ) Phase of emergency
B ) Phase of reconstruction
C ) Phase of transition
Ans A ) Phase of emergency

 

18 ) Which isn’t the aspect of disaster for common citizens?
A ) Phase of emergency
B ) Transitional phase
C ) Phase of reconstruction
D ) Phase of medical support
Ans D ) Phase of medical support

 

19 ) In case of any disasters in school what should be followed?
Follow the …………… rules. Look at the left and right sides while crossing the road and ensure that any vehicle in
not passing by.
A ) Traffic
B ) Crossing
C ) Road
Ans A ) Traffic

 

20 ) Categorize the following steps in
a) pre-disaster management               or       b) post-disaster management
Collecting the information about the intensity of disaster and probable sites of disasters through predictive
intensity maps and hazard maps respectively
A ) Pre-disaster management
B ) Post-disaster management
Ans A ) Pre-disaster management

 

21 ) Give the example of the Most commonly occurring natural disaster.
A ) Desertification
B ) Wet and dry famine
C ) Cyclones
D ) Plagues   Ans B ) Wet and dry famine

 

22 ) Biological (plants) disaster.
A ) Atomic bomb testing
B ) Cholera
C ) Landslides
D ) Fungal disease spreading, weed
Ans D ) Fungal disease spreading, weed

 

23 ) Environment is also damaged due to the use of natural resources for our development. This leads to sudden disasters, unexpected to humans. These can be called…………… disasters.
A ) Natural
B ) Man-made
C ) Resource
Ans B ) Man-made

 

24 ) Headquarters of the National Disaster Response Force are in ……………
A ) Mumbai
B ) Punjab
C ) Chandigarh
D ) Delhi
Ans D ) Delhi

 

25 ) Disaster management can be divided into two parts …………… and ……………
A ) Pre-disaster management, Post-disaster management
B ) Pro-disaster management, Post-disaster management
C ) Pre-disaster management, Pro-disaster management
D ) Before-disaster management, Pre-disaster management
Ans A ) Pre-disaster management, Post-disaster management

 

26 ) …………… is an important link between emergency measures and national progress.
A ) Reliance
B ) Resurgence
C ) Reassurance
Ans B ) Resurgence

 

27 ) …………… is a very fast process, in fact, it is an accident.
A ) Disaster
B ) Incident
C ) Problem
D ) Trouble
Ans A ) Disaster

 

28 ) Identify the sign.
A ) Flammable material
B ) Explosive material
C ) Toxic material
D ) Corrosive material
Ans D ) Corrosive material

 

29 ) An example of radiation leakage ……………
A ) India
B ) Russia
C ) USA
D ) Canada
Ans B ) Russia

 

30 ) ……………is a practice to check the preparedness of facing a disaster as early as possible.
A ) Disaster test
B ) D-drill
C ) Mock Drill
Ans C ) Mock Drill

 

31 ) Mock drill includes which of the following activities?
A ) Demonstrations like extinguishing the fire
B ) Rescuing the people trapped on higher floors of buildings
C ) Rescuing the persons whose clothing has cached the fire
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

 

32 ) Village level Committee Chairman ……………
A ) Tahsildar
B ) Nagarsevak
C ) Sarpanch
Ans C ) Sarpanch

 

33 ) Categorize the following steps in
a) pre-disaster management or b) post-disaster management
Getting special training for disaster management
A ) Pre-disaster management
B ) Post-disaster management
Ans A ) Pre-disaster management

 

34 ) Variously dangerous events occur many times in the environment. Those are called as ……………
A ) Disasters
B ) Accidents
C ) Incidents
D ) Problems

Ans A ) Disasters

 

35 ) Name a few international organizations that work for disaster management?
A ) United Nations Disaster Relief Organization
B ) United Nations Centre for Human Settlements
C ) Asian Disaster Reduction Centre.
D ) All of the above
Ans D ) All of the above

 

36 ) Collapsing of bridges, flooding of coastal villages, and shortage of food are some of the problems of ……………
A ) Endemic
B ) Floods.
C ) Plague
D ) Erosion
Ans B ) Floods.

 

37 ) If the local leadership is not strong, in the face of disaster entire system could collapse.
A ) True
B ) False
Ans A ) True

 

38 )          A                                      B                                                                                                           i. Hepatitis                       a. Geological
    ii. Fungal infection           b. Man-made
    iii. Earthquakes               c. Plants
    iv. Wars                           d. Animals
A )
i. Hepatitis Animals
ii. Fungal infection Plants
iii. Earthquakes Geological
iv. Wars Man-made
B )
i. Hepatitis Geological
ii. Fungal infection Plants
iii. Earthquakes Animals
iv. Wars Man-made
Ans
A )
i. Hepatitis Animals
ii. Fungal infection Plants
iii. Earthquakes Geological
iv. Wars Man-made

 

39 ) …………… is an important link between measures after a disaster and national development, and is useful for progress of the nation and rehabilitation.
A ) Restoration
B ) Prevention
C ) Reassurance
Ans A ) Restoration

 

40 ) Action of National Disaster Response Force is all over the country with the help of ……………
A ) Navy
B ) Air force
C ) Army
Ans C ) Army

 

41 ) Production and use of harmful chemicals is under …………… in developed countries.
A ) Production
B ) Support
C ) Ban
D ) Generation
Ans C ) Ban

 

42 ) ……………. divisions of National Disaster Response Force are working in the country.
A ) 12
B ) 29
C ) 28
D ) 7
Ans A ) 12

 

43 ) Resurgence is a stage used for the welfare and …………… of the nation.
A ) Settlement
B ) Construction
C ) Rehabilitation
D ) Benefit
Ans C ) Rehabilitation

 

44 ) Impact of disaster implies …………… of disaster.
A ) Prevention
B ) Intensity
C ) Reason Ans B ) Intensity

 

45 ) Disasters are never planned but losses due it can be …………… in a planned manner.
A ) Ignored
B ) Doubled
C ) Recovering
D ) Prevented   Ans D ) Prevented

 

46 ) Disasters is caused due to use of natural resources
A ) Natural
B ) Man-made
C ) Prolonging
D ) Resourceful
Ans B ) Man-made

 

47 ) Categorize the following steps in
a) pre-disaster management or b) post-disaster management
Providing all types of necessary help to victims of disasters.
A ) Pre-disaster management
B ) Post-disaster management
Ans B ) Post-disaster management

 

48 ) Biological (animals) disaster.
A ) Infectious viruses
B ) Erosion
C ) Landfall
D ) Cyclones
Ans A ) Infectious viruses

 

49 ) Observe the following images and tell the disaster.
A ) Floods
B ) Earthquakes
C ) Malaria
D ) Weed
Ans A ) Floods

 

50 ) Categorize the following steps in
a) pre-disaster management or b) post-disaster management
Being always prepared for disaster rescue
A ) Pre-disaster management
B ) Post-disaster management
Ans B ) Post-disaster management

 

51 ) Mock drill is arranged on the disaster of fire in various schools by the ……………
A ) Fire supporters
B ) Fire ignitors
C ) Firefighters
Ans C ) Firefighters

 

52 ) In case of any disasters in school what should be followed?
Do not make chaos at the …………… places.
A ) Open
B ) Empty
C ) Crowded
Ans C ) Crowded

 

53 ) Categorize the following steps in
a) pre-disaster management or       b) post-disaster management Increasing awareness about disaster management among the general public through training programs,
mass media etc.
A ) Pre-disaster management
B ) Post-disaster management
Ans A ) Pre-disaster management

 

54 ) A B
i. First aid a. Reconstruction phase
ii. Clearing of debris b. Phase of emergency
iii. Farming practices restarted c. Transitional phase
A )
i. First aid Transitional phase
ii. Clearing of debris Phase of emergency
iii. Farming practices restarted Reconstruction phase
B )
i. First aid Phase of emergency
ii. Clearing of debris Transitional phase
iii. Farming practices restarted Reconstruction phase
Ans
B )
i. First aid Phase of emergency
ii. Clearing of debris Transitional phase
iii. Farming practices restarted Reconstruction phase

 

55 ) Geophysical (atmospheric) disaster.
A ) Tsunami
B ) Malaria
C ) Hot and cold waves
D ) Volcano
Ans: C ) Hot and cold waves

 

56 ) In case of any disasters in school what should be followed?
Do not touch any …………… object.
A ) Known
B ) Claimed
C ) Unclaimed
Ans C ) Unclaimed

 

57 ) Period of each disaster is ……………. Some disasters are short-term whereas some are long-term.
A ) Same
B ) Even
C ) Not the same
Ans C ) Not same

 

58 ) A B
i. Terrorism a. Plants
ii. Floods b. Man-made
iii. Weeds c. Animals
iv. Malaria d. Atmospheric
A )
i. Terrorism Plants
ii. Floods Atmospheric
iii. Weeds Man-made
iv. Malaria Animals
B )
i. Terrorism Man-made
ii. Floods Atmospheric
iii. Weeds Plants
iv. Malaria Animals
Ans
B )
i. Terrorism Man-made
ii. Floods Atmospheric
iii. Weeds Plants
iv. Malaria Animals

 

59 ) What occurs suddenly, cannot be predicted, and may lead to huge loss of life and property?
A ) Catastrophe
B ) Disaster
C ) Accidents
Ans B ) Disaster

 

60 ) People reconstruct their buildings and facilities like roads and water supply are restored in ………….. phase.
A ) Phase of emergency
B ) Reconstruction phase
C ) Transitional phase
Ans B ) Reconstruction phase

 

61 ) Man made (unknown) disaster.
A ) Hepatitis
B ) Meteorites
C ) Poisonous gases
D ) Weed
Ans C ) Poisonous gases

 

62 ) Identify the sign.
A ) Product containing explosive material
B ) Product that causes less severe health effects
C ) Product hazardous to aquatic life
D ) Product capable of corroding
Ans B ) Product that causes less severe health effects

 

63 ) Geophysical ( geological) disaster.
A ) Earthquakes
B ) Floods
C ) Snowstorms
D ) Plague
Ans A ) Earthquakes

 

64 ) Collapsing of houses, and developing cracks in the land are some of the effects of ……………
A ) Earthquake
B ) Flooding
C ) Cyclones
D ) Alkalization
Ans A ) Earthquake

 

65 )             A                                             B
i. Search and rescue operations    a. Reconstruction phase
ii. Monetary offers to victim            b. Phase of emergency
iii. Water supply reconstructed      c. Transitional phase
A )
i. Search and rescue operations Phase of emergency
ii. Monetary offers to victim Transitional phase
iii. Water supply reconstructed Reconstruction phase
B ) i i. Search and rescue operations Phase of emergency
ii ii. Monetary offers to victim Reconstruction phase
ii iii. Water supply reconstructed Transitional phase
Ans
A )
i. Search and rescue operations       Phase of emergency
ii. Monetary offers to victim              Transitional phase
iii. Water supply reconstructed         Reconstruction phase

 

66 ) …………… to the disaster is to be given immediately after the incident.
A ) Aid
B ) Cure
C ) Response
D ) Reply
Ans C ) Response

 

67 ) The disaster management authority that is in contact with the direct public is ……………
A ) Village-level Committee
B ) Sarpanch
C ) Branch Committee
Ans A ) Village-level Committee

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