MCQ 8th science topic 1 Living World and Classification of Microbes MCQ

Living World and Classification of Microbes
Living World and Classification of Microbes

1) …………………..are found in soil, fresh water and sea water.

A ) Protozao B ) Bacteria C ) Fungi

Ans A ) Protozao

 

2) Robert Harding Whittaker was an American ecologist.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

3 ) Complexity of cell structure was one of the criteria for Whittaker five kingdom classification.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

4) Photosynthesis in algae is carried out with the help of.

A ) Chloroplasts

B ) Cilia

C ) Flagella

D ) Sporangiophores

Ans A ) Chloroplasts

 

5 ) Most of the algae are multicellular and visible to the naked eye.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

 

6  ) Which of the following is a group of eukaryotic, multicellular organisms having cell wall?

A ) Monera B ) Protista C ) Animalia D ) Fungi

Ans D ) Fungi

 

7) Example of fungi A ) Penicillium

B ) Volvox

C ) Coccus

Ans A ) Penicillium

 

8 ) Salmonella typhi is a type of a bacteria.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

 

9 ) Candida is an example of Algae.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

 

10 ) Eukaryotic : Protozoa : : Prokaryotic : ……………

A ) Bacteria

B ) Algae

C ) Fungi

Ans A ) Bacteria

 

11 ) Classify the following kingdom as Eukaryotes or Prokaryotes – Kingdom Protista

A ) Kingdom Protista – Eukaryotes

B ) Kingdom Protista – Prokaryotes

Ans A ) Kingdom Protista – Eukaryotes

 

12 ) are the organisms at the edge of living and non-living.

A ) Protozoans

B ) Viruses

C ) Algae

D ) Bacteria

Ans B ) Viruses

 

13 )

A

B

i.

a. Bacillus

ii.

b. Coccus

 

c. Spirillum

A ) i – b, ii – c.

B ) i – a, ii – b

Ans A ) i – b, ii – c.

 

14 ) Fungi are unicellular and multicellular.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

 

15 ) Carl Linnaeus divided the living world into two kingdoms.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

16 ) Who am I ?

Small rod-like microbe in curd.

A ) Staphylococcus bacteria

B ) Lactobacilli bacteria

Ans B ) Lactobacilli bacteria

 

17 ) Fungi are classified as decomposers based on their life style.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

 

18 ) Fermentation of milk is carried out by

     A ) Streptococci         B ) Lactobacilli                                              C ) Plasmodium          D ) Mycobacterium

Ans B ) Lactobacilli

 

19 ) Who am I ? Unicellular and contain chloroplast.

A ) Paramoecium

B ) Euglena

Ans B ) Euglena

 

20 ) causes amoebiasis.

A ) Entamoeba histolytica

B ) Plasmodium C ) Paramoecium D ) Influenza virus

Ans A ) Entamoeba histolytica

 

21 ) Organisms that feed upon decaying organic matter.

A ) Protista B ) Fungi C ) Algae

Ans B ) Fungi

 

22 ) Saprotrophic in nature

A ) Bacteria

B ) Fungi

C ) Algae

Ans B ) Fungi

 

26) Organisms in kingdom Monera may be autotrophic or heterotrophic.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

27 ) Viruses have long molecules of

A ) Only DNA

B ) Only RNA

C ) Both DNA or RNA

D ) Either DNA or RNA

Ans D ) Either DNA or RNA

 

28 ) First invented Binomial system of nomenclature.

A ) Whittaker

B ) Carl Linnaeus

Ans B ) Carl Linnaeus

 

29 ) Are prokaryotic with cell wall but with absence of nucleus and cell organelles.

A ) Algae

B ) Bacteria

C ) Protozoa

Ans B ) Bacteria

 

30 ) Classify the following kingdom as Eukaryotes or Prokaryotes – Kingdom Fungi

A ) Kingdom Fungi – Eukaryotes

B ) Kingdom Fungi – Prokaryotes Ans A ) Kingdom Fungi – Eukaryotes 28 ) are aquatic.

A ) Protozao

B ) Algae

C ) Fungi

Ans B ) Algae

 

31 ) Non-green, eukaryotic, heterotrophic organism are …………….. .

A ) Algae

B ) Bacteria

C ) Fungi

Ans C ) Fungi

 

32 ) All types of bacteria are included in the kingdom Protista.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

 

33 ) Eukaryotes are further divided into unicellular and multicellular.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

34 ) Asexual reproduction in bread mold occurs by

A ) Rhizoids B ) Hypha C ) Spores

D ) Sporangiophore

Ans C ) Spores

 

35 ) Divided living organisms into 4 kingdom.

A ) Carl Linnaeus

B ) Kopland

C ) Whittaker

Ans B ) Kopland

 

36 ) found in the form of independent particles.

A ) Protozao

B ) Bacteria

C ) Virus

Ans C ) Virus

 

37 ) Identify the virus that cause diseases in living things – Plant

A ) Picorna

B ) Tobacco mosaic

C ) Bacteriophage

Ans B ) Tobacco mosaic

 

38 ) are found on decaying organic matter and dead bodies of plants and animals.

A ) Protozao B ) Bacteria C ) Fungi

Ans C ) Fungi

 

39 ) Viruses survive only in living plant or animal.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

40 ) Which of the following is known as Baker’s yeast?

A ) Aspergillus

B ) Paramoecium

C ) Clostridium

D ) Saccharomyces

Ans D ) Saccharomyces

 

41 ) Divided living organisms into 5 kingdom.

A ) Carl Linnaeus

B ) Kopland

C ) Whittaker

Ans C ) Whittaker

 

42 ) The process of dividing living organisms into groups and subgroups.

A ) Biological Classification

B ) Physiological Classification

Ans A ) Biological Classification

 

43 ) Complex sugar that makes the fungal cell wall.

A ) Citin

B ) Chitin

C ) Keratin

Ans B ) Chitin

 

44 ) Great variation is seen in cell structure, organs of locomotion and modes of nutrition among protozoans.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

45 ) During conversion of milk into curd, is produced.

A ) Lactic acid

B ) Hydrochloric acid

C ) Sulphuric acid

D ) Acetic acid

Ans A ) Lactic acid

 

46 ) Lactobacilli are shaped bacteria.

A ) Comma B ) Spiral C ) Bacillus D ) Vibrio

Ans C ) Bacillus

 

47 ) Protista are single celled organisms with well-defined nucleus.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

48 ) Viruses cause many diseases to plants and animals.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

49 ) Bacteria : Kingdom Monera : : Protozoa : ……………

A ) Kingdom Protista

B ) Kingdom Fungi

Ans A ) Kingdom Protista

 

50  ) Animals show heterotrophic mode of nutrition.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True 

 

51 ) Identify the virus that cause diseases in living things – Bacteria

A ) Influenza

B ) HIV

C ) Bacteriophage

Ans C ) Bacteriophage

 

52) Identify the virus that cause diseases in living things – Human

A ) Picorna

B ) Wilt

C ) Polio

Ans C ) Polio

 

53 ) Who am I ?

Have hair like cilia for locomotion.

A ) Amoeba

B ) Paramoecium

Ans B ) Paramoecium

 

53 ) Classify the following kingdom as Eukaryotes or Prokaryotes – Kingdom Monera

A ) Kingdom Monera – Eukaryotes

B ) Kingdom Monera – Prokaryotes

Ans B ) Kingdom Monera – Prokaryotes

 

54 ) Who am I ?

Use pseudopodia for engulfing food and locomotion.

A ) Euglena

B ) Amoeba

Ans B ) Amoeba

 

55 ) Kopland : four kingdom classification : five kingdom classification.

A ) Carl Linnaeus

B ) Whittaker

Ans B ) Whittaker

 

56 ) Algae can carry out photosynthesis.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans A ) True

 

57 ) Reproduce by simple binary fission

A ) Bacteria

B ) Fungi

C ) Amoeba

Ans A ) Bacteria

 

58 ) Volvox belongs to kingdom Monera.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans A ) False

 

59 ) Bread mold is a type of

A ) Bacteria

B ) Fungi C ) Protist D ) Algae

Ans B ) Fungi

 

60 ) National Institute of Virology is located in Mumbai.

A ) True

B ) False

Ans B ) False

 

61 ) Found on the stale bread.

A ) Mucor

B ) Moss

Ans A ) Mucor

 

62 ) Groups and subgroups were created considering the similarities and differences among the living organisms.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

 

63 ) Kingdom Monera : Unicellular : Multicellular

A ) Kingdom Protista

B ) Kingdom Fungi

Ans B ) Kingdom Fungi

 

64) Identify the virus that cause diseases in living things – Cattle

A ) Wilt

B ) Picorna

C ) Influenza

Ans B ) Picorna

 

65 ) Living organisms are divided into Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes as per Whittaker.

A ) False

B ) True

Ans B ) True

 

66) Mode of nutrition in fungi.

A ) Autotrophic B ) Heterotrophic C ) Saprophytic

Ans C ) Saprophytic

 

67) absorb their food from decaying organic matter.

A ) Autotrophs B ) Saprotrophs C ) Heterotrophs

Ans B ) Saprotrophs

 

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